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MODEL PENDUGAAN LUAS DAUN TANAMAN KORO PEDANG (Canavalia ensiformis)
Sutoro dan Mamik Setyowati
Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumberdaya Genetik Pertanian, Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 3A, Bogor 16111
Leaf area is an important characteristic to study aspects of agronomy and physiology. Estimation of leaf area using the length and width of leat have been used for many crops. The purpose of this study was to obtain the leaf area were estimation of Koro pedang (Canavalia ensiformis) plant using leaf length and width variables. Samples of leaves were obtained from upper, middle, and bottom part of Koro pedang plants which grew in Cikeumeuh, Bogor experimental garden. Leaves were collected from 10 random plant samples. The investigation revealed that each leaf area of trifoliate (Y) could be estimated by using formulae Y = 2.6134 PL ia , where PL ia =product of leaf length and width of left or right side of unifoliate leaf. Leaf area also could be estimated by Y=2.1774 PL t , where PL t =product of leaf length and width of middle of unifoliate leaf. Leaf area prediction model for Koro pedang leaf could be applied in agronomy and physiology research which measure leaf area without leaf destruction and also for field research t hat is lack of automatic leaf areameter facility.
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ANALISIS EFISIENSI TEKNIS USAHATANI PADI SEMI ORGANIK DI KECAMATAN CIGOMBONG, BOGOR
Lamretta Gultom1, Ratna Winandi2, Siti Jahroh2
1)Mahasiswa Magister Mayor Agribisnis Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen IPB, penerima beasiswa Biro Perencanaan Kerjasama Luar Negeri, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Nasional
2)Staf Pengajar Departemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor
The development of semi-organic rice in Cigombong Sub-district is quite prospective. However, semi-organic rice productivity in Cigombong Sub-district is still relatively low due to the inefficiencies in the use of inputs or production factors. The aims of this study are 1) to analyze the factors that influence the production of semi-organic rice farming in Cigombong Sub-district; 2) to analyze the technical efficieny of semi-organic farming in Cigombong Sub-district; and 3) to analyze the income of semi-organic farming in Cigombong Sub-district. Stochastic Frontier Production function with Maximum likelihood estimation method is used to analyze the problems. The research was done in Cigombong Sub-district between January 2013 - December 2013. Purposive sampling was used to take the research sample. This research used cross section data by direct interview to the sample farmers.
The research shows that land variable, seed, compost, urea and labour have positive significant effects on semi-organic rice production. Land variable, compost, dan urea are significant at 95 % level, seed variable is significant at 90 % level, and labour is significant at 85 % level. The result also shows that the semi-organic rice farming is technically efficient (mean efficiency is 0.78). Land proprietary status is a substansial source in technical inefficiency and it significantly increases technical efficiency. Besides, the research also shows that the semi-organic rice farming is profitable (the benefit is Rp 3.233.498,09) and feasible to be developed (R/C ratio by cash cost is 1,42 and R/C ratio by total cost is 1,24).
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TEKNOLOGI BUDIDAYA VARIETAS UNGUL BARU PADI SAWAH PADA DUA MUSIM TANAM
Puslitbang Tanaman Pangan, Jl. Merdeka 147 Bogor 16111
The efforts in increasing national rice production sustainability require new improved innovation technology continually and consistently, as the principle of the ICM. The research was aimed to obtain better technology than the current practice of cultivation of local farmers such as improvement of rice varieties, nutrient application method and plant spacing in order to increase rice productivity. The experiment was conducted on farmer’s field at Sukamandi Jaya village, Ciasem regency of Subang district, West Java, during the 2012 dry season and 2012/2013 wet season. The treatments were arranged in a Split-split plot design with three replications.The main plots were two fertilizer application methods: P1- local recommendation (urea -300 kg per ha, SP36-50 kg, KCl -50kg. P2 – Alternative recommendation guided by Rice Fertilizer Expert System/RIFES (Urea =320 kg/ha, SP36= 70 kg/ha KCl=130kg/ha); Urea was applied 3x namely at 7 dat, 21 dat and 42 dat (just before panicle initiation stage).Sub plots the planting methods were (equal spacing 25 cm x 25 (T1) cm and 25 cm x 20 cm (T2)). Sub-sub plots were new superior Varieties V1- the best local variety in the area, (Ciherang), V2- Inpari 14, V3- Inpari 17and V4- Inpari 6.The results indicated that technology components of ICM applied during the 2012 dry season can be improved by introducing the RIFES guided recommendation which is higher K rate, and introducing Inpari-14. These new practices increased rice yield from 5.5 t/ha (the present practice) to 7.6 ton fresh grains or GKP/ha, at 2012/2013 wet season.
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Wawan Haryudin dan Sri Suhesti
alai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat, Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 3 Bogor 16111
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Patchouli productivity in Indonesia is relatively low and varies between production centers. In order to increase patchouli productivity in Indonesia, Indonesian Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Institute (Balittro) has done several patchouli breeding activities from exploration results and obtained 25 accessions. The 25 accessions are characterized, evaluated, and selected, resulting in five accessions which are potential to be producetive and high quality, therefore the research was done in three different locations. It was done in three agro-ecological zones i.e. Bogor, Subang and Sukabumi starting March-Desember 2011, with the aim of knowing the morfology characteristics, result, and quality of the five accessions. The experiment was arranged in a Randomized complete Block Design with 5 replications and 5 reatments. The treatments were 5 patchouli accessions i.e: GR 3, GR 4, PWK 1, BRS, CLP, and Sidikalang variety as a control. The observed parameters were growth characteristics, yield and quality. The characteristics of growth included plant height, diameter of stem, number of primary and secondary branches and number of leaves. The characteristics of yield components were fresh and dry weight of herbs and quality characteristics were volatile oil content and concentration of patchouli alcohol. Results showed that there was interaction between the nature of plant genotype and environment, especially on the growth characteristics and yield i.e. fresh and dry weight, number of leaves, number of primary and secondary branches, width of canopy and width of leaves. There was no genotype interaction in plant height, leaf thickness, length of petiole and leaf length. Essential oil contents within three locations varied. The highest essential oil content was ; at Bogor, PWK accession with essential oil contens of 2.45 % and patchouli alcohol 35.39 %. At Sukabumi, CLP accession with essential oil content is 2.03 % and patchouli alcohol 38,03 % . At Subang, PWK accession essential oil content is 2.56 % and patchouli alcohol 39,70 %.
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Abdullah Bin Arif, Wahyu Diyono, Enrico Syaefullah, Suyanti dan Setyadjit
Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pascapanen Pertanian, Jl Tentara Pelajar 12 Bogor 16114
empedak (Artocarpus champeden), is one of the original Indonesian exotic plant species. The fruit tastes very sweet and sticky, very fragrant aroma and distinctive. Cempedak fruit is a fruit that has dissimilar maturity level. This study aimed to obtain cempedak fruit ripening technology that produces cempedak fruit's maturity to be relatively homogeneous and faster without having to change the physical and chemical characteristics. The experimental design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) 1 factor of ten (10) ripening treatment with two replications. The treatment includes a control (no treatment), wounding, carbide at a dose of 1, 2, 3, and 4 g / kg of fruit (C1, C2, C3 and C4) and Ethrel at several doses (1000, 1500, 2000 and 2500) ppm. Statistical analysis was conducted such as univariate and multivariate analyses. The results showed that treatments with calcium carbide and ethrel ripening may accelerate fruit ripening faster 3 days compared to the control treatment and wounding. The higher dose of calcium carbide and ethrel, TPT value and water content tend to be lower, whereas the higher value of vitamin C with the higher dose on the fourth day after ripening. Ripening treatment with doses of calcium carbide 2 and 3 g / kg were similar to ripening treatment ethrel 1500 and 2000 ppm total acid, vitamin C, total dissolved solids and water content after 7 days of ripening. Univariate analysis (anova) is effective in terms of providing information on the best treatment, while the multivariate analysis (manova and PCA) is effective in reducing the number of variables and determine the similarity of a variable.
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Valeriana Darwis, Supriyati dan I Wayan Rusastra
Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian, Bogor
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Rural food security program has been implemented since 2006 and the number of selfhelp villages has achieved 825 villages. One of the goals of Demapan program is to achieve food security and reduce poverty. During the execution of the program the staple food shortage declined from 39.77% to 29.02%, weight of infants whose weight below the standard was reduced from 2.35% to 1.03%. Households under very poor category decreased significantly from 15,54% to 4.99% and poor categories decreased from 57.49% to 42.24%. Other effects were increased frequency of eating, consumption of animal food, improved clothing economic access, and access to health services. Empowerment of poor households have positive impact on self-esteem, gender aspects and entrepreneurship, which in turn contribute positively to the use of capital in productive business development for technology adoption. Poverty reduction in affinity groups can be enhanced by strengthening their institutional group, the effectiveness of empowerment, infrastructure support, coaching and funding commitments across sectors. Cross sectoral-support should be involved as the successful development respective of affinity groups and rural economic development in the perspective of inclusive growth for accelerating poverty reduction.
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PENGKAJIAN VARIETAS PADI UNGGUL BARU PADA LAHAN RAWA PASANG SURUT DI KABUPATEN MERAUKE
Rohimah H. S Lestari dan Arifuddin Kasim
Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Papua, Jl. Yahim No. 49 Sentani, Papua
Papua region has the potential for development of swamp land that is vast enough for food production. Potential land available for crop development in Merauke district ranges from 2.5 million ha. The assessment was conducted in Merauke, Papua Province from February to May 2012. This study aimed to evaluate the agronomic variability and select high yielding varieties of crops that is adaptive based on the results . This study used a completely randomized block design consisting of three replications. The treatments consist of seven new high yielding varieties of rice swamp (Inpara 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) and two check varieties Mekongga and Batanghari. Plot sizes of 5 m x 7 m and a plant spacing of legowo 2:1. The variables measured were: maximum plant height, maximum number of tillers, number of panicles, length of panicles, number of filled grain, the percentage of filled grain, 1000 grain weight and grain yield. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance by F test at 5% significance level. To see the effect of treatment of control Dunnet test is conducted at the level of 5 %. A review of five new improved varieties with two check varieties, showed that Inpara 2 has the highest plant stature compared to other high yielding varieties and control varieties, while the highest maximum number of seedlings obtained by Inpara 1. Variety Inpara 2 and Inpara 4 varieties gave higher yielding average than the two comparison varieties, respectively 5,10 tonnes and 4,20 tonnes. Both varieties are recommended to be developed in swamp land of Merauke, Papua.
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Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Kalimanan Barat
Jalan Budi Utomo No.45 Siantan Hulu PontianakTelp:0561882069
One of the problems in agricultural development is the low rate of adoption of innovation at the farm level and also capital. In 2008 the program of Rural Agribusiness Development (RAD) was implemented, aimed to address agricultural financing issues. Level and factors affecting the adoption of agricultural innovation is important in determining the success of RAD. Research objectives are to determine the level and the factors affecting the adoption of agricultural innovations in RAD Farmers Groups Association (FGA) and non RAD Farmers Groups Association in West Kalimantan. This study was conducted in 2012 and located in Landak and Pontianak districts. The study uses a survey approach, using the logit model. Determination of the respondents by Proportionate Stratified Random Sampling technique which includes farmers of former RAD grantees and non-beneficiary RAD farmers. The number of respondets were 120 farmers. The rate of adoption of innovation in general for RAD Farmers Group Association is moderate, component technologies adopted were; improved seed, fertilizer, tractor use, pests control and diseases , harvest and post harvest. Factors that influence the adoption were; distance residential farm location, and the distance to the source technology settlements, level of education, area of land and accessibility to the highway, and accessibility to technology sources. The existence of RAD Farmers Groups Association and which was able to raise the productivity of rice farming than non RAD Farmers Groups Association and which directly increase farmer's income.
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Lia Budimulyati Salman1, Cece Sumantri2, Ronny Rachman Noor2, Asep Saefuddin3 dan Chalid Talib4
1. Fakultas Peternakan UNPAD, Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang KM 21 Jatinangor, Sumedang
2. Departemen Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi, Fak. Peternakan IPB, Jl. Agatis, Darmaga, Bogor
3. Departemen Statistik, Fak. Matematika dan IPA IPB, Jl. Meranti, Darmaga Bogor
4. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peternakan, Jl. Raya Padjadjaran, Bogor
The main objectives in modeling of the growth curve is for growth of livestock description and prediction. The purpose of description is an attempt to be able to simplify the interpretation of the process to only a few parameters, while the prediction goal is to focus more on the method on how to predict from several parameters. The purpose of this research is to create a model of the growth curve of Holstein dairy cattle from birth to first mating age according to the situation and condition of industrial-scale dairy farm. Cow weight data used was obtained from weighing Holstein dairy cows maintained by PT Taurus Dairy Farm, Sukabumi, West Java from 2001 to 2011. There were 1221 cows involved, but only 373 cows covered the complete data from birth to first mating age for PT Taurus Dairy Farm. As for the data from BPPTU Baturraden 214 heads of cattle birth data is ready to be mated for the first time from 2010 to 2011. Data were analyzed using SAS 9.2 software with the procedure NLIN (non-linear). The resulting curve can be used as a standard growth curve of Holstein dairy cattle in Indonesia from birth until they are ready to be mated. Mathematical logistic models can be used to estimate the growth curve because it has a high degree of accuracy with the coefficient of determination (R2) of more than 90%. .
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Nurdiyah2, Anna Fariyanti3, dan Siti Jahroh3
1Bagian dari tesis mahasiswa pascasarjana Departemen Agribisnis, FEM, IPB
2Mahasiswi pascasarjana Departemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi Manajemen, IPB
3Berturut-turut adalah Ketua dan Anggota Komisi Pembimbing serta Dosen pada Departemen Agribisnis,
Fakultas Ekonomi Manajemen, IPB Mayor Agribisnis Fakultas Ekonomi Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor,
Jl. Kamper Kampus IPB Dramaga Wing 4 Lantai 3 Bogor 16680
Muna is the main production center of cashew in Southeast Sulawesi Province. The cashew plantation in Muna has quality problems such as low production, low incomes and inefficient marketing system. Farmers’ bargaining position is weak because farmers do not have information that can be used as reference price. Price is determined by the cashew buyers which resulted in low selling prices at the farm level. The objective of this study is to analyze the market structure, market conduct and market performance of cashew in Muna. The market structure was analyzed with Herfindhal Hirchman Index (HHI). Market conduct was described descriptively, while market performance was analyzed by marketing margins, farmer’s market share and vertical integration. A purposive sampling was conducted in cashew production center in the District of Tongkuno Muna and the District of Kabawo between July 2013 to September 2013. The marketing agencies are farmers, village traders, sub district traders and inter-island traders (wholesalers at the district level). It showed that the cashew market structure is oligopsonistic which resulted in the action of colllusion between traders and cashew processing industry. The results of market performance analysis showed that the farmer markets are not integrated in the short run and long run. This showed that cashew farmers are price taker.
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Bursatriannyo1, Cheppy Syukur2, dan Mushthofa3
1Pranata Komputer Pertama pada Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan
2Peneliti Madya pada Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat
3Staf Pengajar pada Departemen Ilmu Komputer, FMIPA, IPB
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In Conjunction with the increasing of plant genetic resources development, the number of accessions of the turmeric plant is also increasing, making it difficult to differentiate between varieties, due to similar appearances. This research aimed to develop an expert system to identify the varieties of turmeric (Turina-1, Turina2, and Turina-3). Knowledge acquisition for building the expert system is performed in conjunction with an expert from the Indonesia Spices and Medicinal Research Institute. The knowledge acquisition process resulted in 13 input variables to describe a variety. The input inference process divides these 13 variables into two types: fuzzy and non-fuzzy. The non-fuzzy variables are: color of flowers, the base of leaf, and the flesh color of the rhizome which were used to decide whether the input description represents a Turina-1, Turina-2, Turina-3 variety or a non-variety. The remaining 10 fuzzy variables are: number of flowers per stem, plant height, number of tillers, leaf length, leaf width, rhizome weight per hill, number of parent rhizome, the number of primary roots, secondary roots and the levels of curcuma, which are used to determine whether the input description represents a Turina-1, Turina-2 or Turina-3 variety, using the Mamdani method for Fuzzy Inference System (FIS). In the testing phase, we used 100 data, which were already labeled according to the decision by the expert. The result shows that the system was able to correctly identify 89 of the input data.
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